ASME.BPVC.II-C.SFA5.1 E6018 | SFA5.1M E4318 | UNS W06018 | CSA W48-01 E4318 | ISO 2560B E4318
CHARACTERISTICS & APPLICATIONS
ímet-68 is Low-hydrogen potassium, iron powder type electrode possessing operating and mechanical property characteristics similar to ímet-68 except at a lower strength level. The electrode covering and low hydrogen characteristics are also similar. This electrode is desirable where matching or under-matching weld deposit is required. These may also be suitable for buffer layer application in cladding operations. These may be used on carbon steel; however, in addition to use on carbon steel, it is also used for joints involving high-strength, high-carbon, or low-alloy steels. The fillet welds made in the horizontal and flat welding positions have a slightly convex weld face, with a smooth and finely rippled surface. The electrodes are characterized by a smooth, quiet arc, very low spatter, and medium arc penetration. These electrodes can be used at high travel speeds. ímet-68 can be used with either ac or dcep. As is common with all low-hydrogen electrodes, a short arc length should be maintained at all times. This reduces the risk of porosity. The necessity for preheating is reduced; therefore, better welding conditions are provided.
ímet-68 was developed for welding low-alloy high-strength steels, some of which were high in carbon content. Electrodes with other than low-hydrogen coverings may produce “hydrogen-induced cracking” in those steels. These under-bead cracks occur in the base metal, usually just below the weld bead. Weld metal cracks may also occur. ímet-68 should be used when welding high- sulfur or enameling steels. Other electrodes are likely to cause porosity and/or cracks in high-sulfur steels.
Storage and Drying Conditions: In order to maintain low-hydrogen electrodes with minimal moisture in their coverings, these electrodes should be stored and handled with considerable care. Electrodes which have been exposed to humidity may absorb considerable moisture and their low-hydrogen character may be lost. Then conditioning can restore their low-hydrogen character.
Hydrogen can have adverse effects on welds in some steels under certain conditions. One source of this hydrogen is moisture in the electrode coverings. For this reason, the proper storage, treatment, and handling of electrodes are necessary.
Holding Ovens: 30°C-140°C above ambient temperature. Drying Conditions: 260°C-425°C for 1-2 hour prior to use.
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF WELD METAL
Single values are maxima, except where specified otherwise.
ALL-WELD-METAL MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
Tensile Strength, MPa
Yield Strength, At 0.2%
Charpy V-Notch Impact at
-30°C | -35°C, Joules
Single values are minimal.
Limit of Moisture Content, % by weight max: 0.60 (As-Received or Reconditioned). Diffusible Hydrogen Content Average, Maximum, mL (H2)/100 g Deposited Metal: 4.00
ELECTRODE SIZE & WELDING CURRENT
AC or DCEP, Amperes
WARNING : Safety and health information is available from many sources, including, but not limited to Safety and Health Fact Sheets listed in A11.3, ANSI Z49.1 Safety in Welding, Cutting, and Allied Processes published by the American Welding Society, 8669 Doral Blvd., Suite 130, Doral, FL 33166., and applicable federal and state regulations. The Safety and Health Fact Sheets are revised and additional sheets added periodically.